The National Institute of Health (NIH) recently issued an important alert regarding Human Leptospirosis, a zoonotic bacterial disease impacting humans and animals.
The advisory, initiated by the NIH’s Centre for Disease Control, aims to increase awareness and communication, ensuring early detection, timely management, and accurate laboratory detection of Leptospirosis cases.
Leptospirosis is caused by bacteria from the Leptospira genus, predominantly transmitted from rodents, pets, cattle, and wild animals to humans. This transmission often occurs through contact with infected animal excreta. While it is a global concern, Leptospirosis is more prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions, especially those with high rainfall. In recent years, the Middle East has seen an uptick in human and animal Leptospirosis cases.
Occupational Risk and Prevalence in Pakistan
The bacterial disease is more common in environments with frequent contact with animal urine or urine-contaminated areas. Leptospirosis poses a significant occupational hazard, particularly for individuals working outdoors, with animals, or in water-related activities. While person-to-person transmission is rare, there have been reports of individuals being exposed to a common source.
In Pakistan, sporadic cases of Leptospirosis have been noted over the past few years, highlighting the need for heightened vigilance and preventive measures.