The latest United Nations Population Division data reveals that India has overtaken China, becoming the world’s most populated country.
India’s estimated population now stands over 1.425 billion, claiming the title of the most populous country. This achievement is noteworthy, considering India’s land area is nearly three times less than China’s. China had maintained the highest population record since the 1950s, peaking at 1.426 billion residents in 2022 before witnessing a decline.
Although India’s population growth rate has decelerated, it still surpasses China. Both nations, however, have seen a decrease in their fertility rates. As of 2023, India’s population growth rate is 0.61 percent, representing the smallest upsurge since 1960. This rate is substantially lower than those of countries like Bangladesh, Morocco, and Colombia.
Yet, India continues to experience substantial numbers of women entering reproductive age, boosting its population growth. As a result, India has significantly contributed to global working-age population growth, accounting for 23% of the increase from 2020 to 2025.
India’s population structure is distinctive, with considerable percentages distributed across various age groups. The United Nations Population Fund report discloses that 25 percent of India’s population are children aged 0-14, and 68 percent are in the 15-64 age category. China, on the other hand, has fewer inhabitants in younger age groups.
The implications of India’s population growth extend beyond mere numbers. The country draws many tourists, who flock to iconic attractions such as the Taj Mahal and the Amber Palace. Nevertheless, the COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted tourist visits, leading to a drop from previous years.
As India assumes the position of the world’s most populated country, it faces a mix of complex challenges and prospects. To ensure sustainable growth and a high standard of living for its expanding populace, the government must tackle healthcare, infrastructure, and resource management issues.
To sum up, India’s population has outgrown China’s, making it the globe’s most populous nation. Despite its smaller geographical size, India maintains a higher population growth rate than China, albeit at a decreasing pace. This alteration in population trends presents both potential advantages and obstacles for India on its journey toward sustainable growth.