The government of Pakistan has initiated plans to roll out a digital currency to cut down the expenses associated with the printing and circulation of physical currency.
The modernized form of currency is anticipated to facilitate the appreciation of the rupee value, fortify the nation’s economy, and streamline extensive financial dealings. Set to mirror the value of the Pakistani rupee, the initiative draws inspiration from the Chinese digital currency model, where one unit is equivalent to a Chinese Yuan.
Implementation by the State Bank of Pakistan
The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) is actively involved in orchestrating the digital currency launch, which will be circulated with the government’s guarantee, akin to traditional currency notes. Currently, the SBP is in the process of soliciting expertise to usher in this digital transition effectively.
Spearheading the project is the newly established department, the Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC), which is diligently working on evaluating the cost advantages and the viability of implementing the digital currency to guarantee seamless transactions post-launch.
A Digitally Dominant Currency
As part of the government’s visionary approach, it intends to gradually phase out physical currency notes, replacing them with digital currency. However, a prudent strategy has been devised to maintain a balanced ratio of 80:20 between digital currency and physical notes, offering a safeguard in the event of unexpected contingencies by retaining a segment of currency notes in circulation.
The adoption of digital currency is foreseen to curtail the costs associated with the manufacturing, distributing, and disposing of aged notes. Additionally, it is poised to bring about transparent documentation of each transaction, thereby enhancing the effectiveness of monetary policy implementation.
Furthermore, digital currency’s inception harbours immense prospects for amplifying cross-border trade and investment avenues and extending financial services to the unbanked population. According to the World Bank, this transition promises to escalate the efficiency, resilience, and reliability of the financial sector, with blockchain technology being a prominent facilitator as a form of distributed ledger in this paradigm shift.